Every year, on the 8th of March, International Women’s Day is celebrated worldwide. This day marks the struggle for female participation in politics and the workforce – from the right to vote to the right to equal pay.
Here are five things you must know about International Women’s Day:
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1. The Americans invented it.
A powerful socialist party in the United States came up with the International Women’s Day in 1909 to commemorate a garment factory strike held by women the previous year. German Communist leader Clara Zetkin championed the idea in Europe at the International Conference of Socialist Women in 1910. Following this, people started marching for women’s rights in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland at Women´s Day rallies. It should be noted that the first 8th of March celebration took place in 1914 in Berlin, where women demanded the right to vote.
2. It is not quite communist.
Initially, the 8th of March was designated for celebrating women; the date was chosen to mark the start of Russian workers’ protests in 1917, which eventually toppled the Tsar. After World War II, the day became a celebration of both women and communism. However, outside the Soviet Union, Women’s Day was more about pushing for female influence in areas traditionally dominated by men.
3. The United Nations made Women’s Day official.
The UN and other international organizations officially declared the 8th of March International Women’s Day in 1977.
4. International Women’s Day is an official holiday in some countries.
International Women’s Day is just another ordinary workday in the majority of countries. However, the case is different when it comes to Russia, Uganda, Mongolia, Georgia, Laos, Cambodia, Armenia, Belarus, or Ukraine. The 8th of March is an official holiday in these countries.
5. Women’s Day is also celebrated as Mother’s Day
In some countries like Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, and Uzbekistan, International Women’s Day is also celebrated as Mother’s Day. While some people present their mothers with mimosa sprigs as gifts, others deliver speeches to celebrate their mums.
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