France launches controversial vaccine pass as fourth wave hits

French cinemas, museums and sports venues began asking
visitors Wednesday to furnish proof of Covid-19 vaccination or a negative test
as the country, which is in the throes of a fourth wave of infections, rolled
out a controversial vaccine passport system.

The so-called “health pass” is required for all
events or places with more than 50 people before being extended to restaurants,
cafes and shopping centres in August.

Prime Minister Jean Castex defended the policy, noting that
nearly all new infections are in people who have not been immunised.

The number of new infections over 24 hours shot up to 21,000
on Wednesday, the highest level since early May.

“We’re in the fourth wave,” Castex told TF1
television, adding that the goal of the health pass is to avoid a fourth
nationwide lockdown.

Health Minister Olivier Veran lashed out at vaccine
refuseniks, who have accused the government of flouting their freedom of

“Freedom is not about dodging taxes, or driving the
wrong way up the motorway, or smoking in a restaurant or refusing a vaccine
that protects me as much as it protects others,” he told parliament.

50-million target

The Louvre museum and Eiffel Tower were among the sites that
began implementing the vaccine checks on Wednesday.

But whereas most tourists had their vaccine certificates at
hand, having shown them on arrival in the country, some French people were
wrong-footed by the new rules.

In the Paris suburb of Rosny-sous-Bois, 28-year-old
Marie-Ange Rodrigues was surprised to be barred from a cinema screening after
having received her second vaccine shot.

“It’s rubbish!” she said of the requirement to
have been fully vaccinated for at least a week.

Nearly 38 million people, representing 56 percent of the
French population, have received at least one dose of a vaccine, according to
data by the covidtracker.fr website.

Nearly 46 percent, have been fully vaccinated.

The government aims to have given at least one shot to 50
million people by the end of the summer.

‘Fracture our country’

Tens of thousands of vaccine sceptics took to the streets in
protest over the new vaccine rules last week, accusing President Emmanuel
Macron of running a vaccine “dictatorship”.

The restrictions have even faced criticism from some
lawmakers in Macron’s Republic on the Move (LREM) party, who see it as a threat
to civil liberties.

“Protecting public health has been our priority since
March 2020, but it has not threatened the cohesion of our country because the
rules were the same for everyone,” LREM lawmaker Pacome Rupin said on

“The health pass is going to fracture our
country,” he said.

Restaurant owners in particular are up in arms at the
requirement to vet their customers’ vaccination status before serving them.

In a concession Thursday, Castex said that they would not
have to check customers’ ID and that the government would not punish venues
during the first week of the new rules.

After that, they face fines of up to 1,500 euros ($1,700)
for a first-time offence, and more for subsequent violations.

Children aged 12 to 17, who only became eligible for
vaccination in mid-June, will not need the pass in August nor have to show one
when heading back to school in September.

Masks return outdoors

The changes introduced Wednesday were implemented by decree,
but lawmakers also began debating a bill that will extend the rules next month
to restaurants, as well as trains or planes for long-distance travel.

From September, vaccinations will also be mandatory for
healthcare and retirement home workers, many of whom remain sceptical of the

Left-wing parties particularly have slammed the health pass as an infringement of personal freedoms and said the government should be trying to convince rather than coerce people to get vaccinated.

Other measures to contain the surge in new cases include the reintroduction of rules requiring masks to be worn outdoors in hotspots such as the western coastal area around Bordeaux, a popular holiday destination.

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